Foreign rule, Independent Taiwan, Governing system, Culture and Tourism. History of Taiwan. Taiwan travel guide, Taiwan facts, Taiwan fiction, Taiwan news, Taiwan government, Taiwan Politics, Economy, culture and tourism. Taiwan is a country with verity of information related to its existence. The book designated for the details on Taiwan, has the following introduction on Taiwan. Taiwan, Chinese (Wade-Giles romanization) T’ai-wan or (Pinyin) Taiwan, Portuguese Formosa, island, located about 100 miles (161 km) off the southeast coast of the China mainland. It is approximately 245 miles (394 km) long (north-south) and 90 miles across at its widest point. The largest city, Taipei, is the seat of the government of the Republic of China (ROC; Nationalist China). In addition to the main island, the ROC government has jurisdiction over 22 islands in the Taiwan group and 64 islands to the west in the Pescadores archipelago. The entire history is found in the book with the above title. Taiwan History and Cultural Information and Travel Guide. Vacation package Book.