Origins of the Finns, The Era of Swedish Rule, 1150-1809, Independence and the Interwar Era, 1917-39, Society, Economy, Government and Politics. History and Culture Information and Travel Guide. Vacation packages Book store. History of Finland Also include, Finland Culture, Finland government and politics, Finland art and culture, Finland tourism and investment. Present-day Finland became habitable in about 8,000 B.C., following the northward retreat of the glaciers, and at about that time Neolithic peoples migrated into the country. According to the legends found in the Finnish folk epic, the Kalevala, those early inhabitants included the people of the mythical land Pohjola, against whom the Kalevala people identified with the Finns struggled; however, archaeological and linguistic evidence of the prehistory of the region is fragmentary. According to the traditional view of Finnish prehistory, ancestors of the Finns migrated westward and northward from their ancestral home in the Volga River basin during the second millennium B.C., arriving on the southern shore of the Baltic Sea sometime during the next millennium. According to this folk history, the early Finns began a migration from present-day Estonia into Finland in the first century A.D. and settled along the northern coast of the Gulf of Finland. Recent research, suggesting that the Finns arrived in the region at a much earlier date, perhaps by 3,000 B.C., has questioned this traditional view, however.