Early history, Recent history, Government, Politics, Economy, People and tradition, Environment and Tourism. Guatemala History and Culture Information and Travel Guide. Vacation packages Book store. Guatemala History, Culture, and Travel guide. Guatemala travel, Guatemala travel guide, Guatemala facts, Guatemala eBook, History and culture of Guatemala, Government, Politics, People and environment. Introduction; Guatemala is the northernmost country in Central America. It borders the Caribbean, between Honduras and Belize, and also borders the Pacific Ocean, between El Salvador and Mexico. It has a territory of about 42,000 square miles (slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Tennessee) and a population of about 11 million people, the majority of which are Mestizo (Amerindian or mixed Amerindian-Spanish). The official language is Spanish, but some 28 indigenous languages are also spoken. Guatemala enjoys a warm climate throughout the year, with an average temperature above 20C (75F) in the mountains, somewhat warmer along the South Pacific Coast and the Tropical Lowlands of the Peten Region and Caribbean Coast. Cooler averages are found in.