Migration, The First Colony, Occupation by the United States 1916-24, Civil War and United States Intervention, 1965. Dominican Republic History and Culture Information and Travel Guide. Vacation package Book. The Dominican Republic experienced many setbacks on the road to the democratic system under which it functioned in the late 1980s. In this book, you will be having the following, early history of Dominican Republic, Present history, Government, Politics, Culture, People, environment, and more. The nation did not enjoy full independence until 1844, when it emerged from twenty-two years of occupation by Haiti; this liberation came later than that of most Latin American countries. Reacceptance of Spanish rule from 1861 to 1865 demonstrated the republic's insecurity and dependence on larger powers to protect it and to define its status. Dominican vulnerability to intervention from abroad was also made evident by the United States military occupation of 1916-24 and by a more limited action by United States forces during a brief civil war in 1965. Politically, Dominican history has been defined by an almost continuous.