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Ivory Coast history

History of Ivory Coast Conflict and Environmental Studies

Emmanuel Alvin
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The Background history, Security insight. Ethnic differences. History of Ivory Coast Conflict and Environmental Studies. Ivory Coast History and Cultural Information and Travel Guide.  Vacation package Book. Also see about Cote d’Ivoire, Ivory Coast history, Ivory Coast Art, Ivory Coast eBook and Print book, Ivory Coast Ethnic group, Ivory Coast Politics. Despite the country’s socio-cultural diversity, throughout the 1960s and 1970s the development model of Houphouët-Boigny, Côte d’Ivoire’s founding father, secured a remarkably affluent and stable Ivorian society. Liberal immigration and investment policies attracted foreign capital and an influx of foreign laborers, both of which sustained the country’s prosperous plantation economy. With the rents he collected, President Houphouët- Boigny created a range of para-statal entities that provided him with a powerful patronage network, which he used to co-opt potential challengers. Both in the State and the military, he combined this system with a practice of “ethnic balancing,” ensuring that each group had a seat at the table. However, by the early 1980s, the economic foundations of the system began to falter. As cocoa and coffee prices began to fall, economic growth slowed almost to a standstill and living conditions began to erode. In the early 1990s, the socio-economic crisis finally led to a series of student protests as well as demonstrations by the illegal opposition parties, including Laurent Gbagbo’s FPI. This culminated in the first multi-party presidential elections in October 1990. Though Houphouët-Boigny won a landslide victory, a deepening economic crisis and the resulting reductions in State expenditures plunged the country into further social and political turmoil