Montenegro History and Culture. The detail on this country is an absolute resource to study the history of this country and what is going on in within. Montenegro, country located in the west-central Balkans at the southern end of the Dinaric Alps. Montenegro History and Cultural Information and Travel Guide. Vacation package Book. It is bounded by the Adriatic Sea and Croatia (southwest), Bosnia and Herzegovina northwest, Serbia northeast, Kosovo east, and Albania (southeast). Montenegro’s administrative capital is Podgorica, though its cultural centre is the historical capital and older city of Cetinje. For much of the 20th century Montenegro was a part of Yugoslavia, and from 2003 to 2006 it was a component of the federated union of Serbia and Montenegro. The country’s names both Montenegro (from Venetian Italian) and Crna Gora denote “Black Mountain,” in reference to Mount Lovćen 5,738 feet 1,749 metres, its historical centre near the Adriatic Sea and its stronghold in the centuries of struggle with the Turks. Alone among the Balkan states, Montenegro was never subjugated. The old heartland of Montenegro.