Governing system, Politics, People, Touristic environment, Tradition and Customs. Hong Kong history, Hong Kong interesting facts, Hong Kong travel guide, Hong Kong eBook, Hong Kong economy, history and culture of Hong Kong, Government, Politics, Economy, People and Tradition. Hong Kong means "fragrant harbor." Once administered by the United Kingdom, it has been known since 1997 as the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China (PRC). Many residents do not identify with either Britain or China. The generation born and raised in Hong Kong from 1949 to 1979 (when China was isolated) has a much more local identity than do their parents. The total area is 425 square miles (1,097 square kilometers). Hong Kong Island is only ten square miles. Only 15 percent of the area is built up, while 67 percent consists of grassland, scrub, and woods. Forty percent of the territory is designated as recreational parks, largely hills and mountains. The ful information on Hong Kong is found in “Hong Kong History, Culture and Tourism” Book. Vacation Package.